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About Vișeu de Sus

About Vișeu de Sus
Vişeu de Sus is located in the north-eastern part of the County of Maramureş, in the Maramureş Depression, at the confluence of the Vişeu and Vaser Valleys.

The first documentary record of the locality appears in "Diplome maramureșene din sec. XIV-XV" / "XIV-XV century Maramureş Diplomas" by Ioan Mihaly of Apşa, 1900, as "both Visae" (Vişeu de Jos and Vişeu de Mijloc), gifted by King Ludovic to voievode Balk of Maramureş. The coincident name of the two localities is due to the fact that they are established by the same families.
The name Vișeu de Sus first appears 1385 in a diploma referred to by Mihaly of Apşa, and according to "History of Maramureş", by Alexander Filipaşcu, Vişeu de Sus was also called "Între Râuri" / "Between the Rivers" (1594), and was owned by descendants of Ştefan Vodă.

Further development of the locality takes place after 1770, with the establishment of the forestry centers where, by order of Emperor Joseph II, “ţipţer” settlers are brought, from the Zips, to work as laborers.

1809 to 1810 it is populated and the neighborhood "Ţipterai" forms.

Specific trades in the village, such as cattle and sheep breeding, are still important occupational branches of the peasants, while workers specialize in woodworking.

Located in the very heart of Maramureş, Vişeu de Sus is one of its representative settlements, both historically and by the wealth of traditions and cultural heritage. Part of an ethnographic area that treasures more legends, beliefs and traditions than the entire area of Maramureş, Vişeu de Sus is a significant exponent of the Maramureş dwelling, the two key elements: "water" and "wood", defining both the overall appearance of the town, as well as the traditional crafts.

The ampleness of the forest in the mountains, keeping watch over the town, leaves its print on local life, being an essential part of the community culture and civilization, woodworking having marked the local architecture as a profound science. Being located in the mountains belt, relatively isolated from the rest of the country, by the typical mountain grounds, the area has kept some traditional characters of life in Maramureş, the influences of modern development being experienced rather later than in other areas.

Vişeu de Sus has known a somewhat different evolution from the rest of Maramureş, experiencing an extraordinary economic boom after arrival of the Saxon miners and then of the settlers from Zips, in the 1770s. This flourishing development has attracted other settlers, from Salzburg, Tirol, Salzkommengut and Gurunden, which resulted in the consolidation of a multiethnic community; 18 ethnic groups being found in town at one time, a solid base for weaving stories, now part of the local mythology.

Many of the local customs and traditions are still related to the “ţipţers” present in the area. For them, Christmas is still the most important holiday of the year, which is why the houses are embellished with fir branches and the entire community gathers on Christmas Eve for the service that begins at midnight. After it ends caroling begins, a tradition involving the whole family, and the carols sung still contain “ţipţer” words.